The community of Linclonville was established in 1866 by freedmen who leased land for $1.00 a year on what was then the west bank of Maria Sanchez Creek, across from the developed part of St. Augustine. The freedmen originally called their settlement Africa, or Little Africa. In 1878, it came to be known as Lincolnville. Over time the boundaries expanded to include the Ponce de Leon Barracks at 172-180 Cordova Street, now considered one of the historic district's major buildings. It was used for housing for servants and other workers at Flagler's hotels, some of which formed America's first professional black baseball team. During the mid- 20th century Civil Rights era, Lincolnville was the base of activists who struggled for the end of racial segregation in schools and public facilities in St. Augustine. Protests brought national attention to the issues and aided Congressional passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. In 1991 the Lincolnville Historic District was documented and listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It is bounded by Cedar, Riberia, Cerro and Washington Streets and Desoto Place.
Today Lincolnville is a vibrant community rich with history. A variety of homes from Victorian mansions, shotgun cottages, and newly constructed modern architecture make up the the neighborhood. Within walking distance to the historical downtown area and restaurants, as well as St. Augustine's beautiful bayfront, Lincolnville is one of the town's fastest growing areas.
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